There are approx. 300.000 organizations certified worldwide according to ISO 14001, with numbers increasing every year. In Austria the ISO 14001 certifications amount to over 1.000.
In general ISO 14001:2015 also follows the high level structure (HLS), just like ISO 9001. Since 2012, the ISO/IEC Directives have had specifications about the structure and key contents of management system standards. A new Annex has been adopted. This Annex instructs all technical committees in the field of management systems in the way management system standards need to be structured and in the core text they need to include. Important topics of these Revisions are already determined by the relevant requirements: The new priorities in connection with the topics of risk based thinking, leadership, considering the context of the organization, focussing on competence and the unified term of documented information are topics determined by this common structure and relevant key contents. Besides ISO 9001, 14001 and 45001 (formerly OHSAS 18001), this Annex SL forms the basis for all management system standards to be revised in future. Thanks to this, common implementationof these Standards within integrated management systems is simplified for users.
- Protection of the environment by eliminating or reducing harmful impacts
- Reduction of possible negative effects on the organisation
- Support of the organisation with the fulfillment of binding obligations
- Improvement of the environmental performance
- Controlling of or influence on the way products and services are developed, produced, distributed, consumed or disposed by the organisation
- Archievement of possible financial and operational advantages in order to strengthen the market position
- Communication of environmental information to relevant and interested parties to promote trust
According to the revision 2015 ISO 14001 follows a new structure:
- Normative references
- Terms and definitions
- Context of the organisation
- Performance evaluation
Overview of the most important changes of the ISO 14001:2015.
Clause 4 – Context
The requirement for an analysis of the context of the organization is aimed at better understanding one’s own organization conceptually and more comprehensively, e.g. in terms of the internal and external interested parties, their needs and expectations as well as possible influencing factors. The context also means that the environmental condition needs to be taken into account. This condition affects the organization while the organization affects the environmental condition because of the organization’s activities, products and services.
Clause 5 – Leadership
Top management is required to demonstrate leadership evenmore. This means that the environmental aspects need to be integrated in the business processes, strategic planning and decision-making. Top management is given a more significant role, not only because top management is supposed to act as a role model (active leadership role) but also because the classical Environmental Representativeno longer is required. In practice, however, this person will continue to be there to meet the comprehensive andvariegated technical, legal, normative and ecological requirementsof daily practice.
Clause 6 – Planning
Due to the high level structure, the risk based approach can befound in ISO 14001:2015. This approach includes the determinationof risks and opportunities from the perspectives of analysisof the context, environmental aspects and impacts, legal requirements and emergency preparedness and response. Opportunities and risks might be derived from this. Adequate actions will have tobe planned, implemented and reviewed for their effectiveness. The organization will have to determine the environmental aspects of theorganization’s activities, products and services that the organizationcan control and influence. Based on criteria to be established,the related environmental impacts will have to be identified. The term of “Legal requirements” becomes “compliance obligations”. This implies compliance with legal requirements, additional conditions as well as voluntary self-commitment. Here basically the wording has changed.
Clause 7 – Support
Awareness and competence are separate sub-clauses in Clause 7.This means that they are upgraded as compared to former times. Internal and external communication becomes more important. Internal communication is closely linked to the internal context. Inanalogy, external communication is closely linked to the externalcontext. External communication is required to enhance confidence by means of a dialogue about environmental performance with the external target groups. In Clause 7, the requirements placed on documented information are also established.
Clause 8 – Operation
Clause 8 is mainly dedicated to operational planning and control, above all control of the processes, including the outsourced processes.The requirement for a life cycle perspective of products and services draws a red-thread path as a new requirement throughout the Standard and is amply described in Clause 8.1. It is true that no detailed life cycle analysis in the sense of ISO 14044 is required. Nevertheless, all the phases of life will have to be considered, and the organizations are required to review to what extent they cancontrol and influence them. In 8.2, “Emergency preparedness andresponse”, Clause 8 also defines the requirements relating to emergencypreparedness and response.
Clause 9 – Performance evaluation
Environmental performance needs to be improved. Basically the term is not new. Environmental performance is the measurable result of the management of environmental aspects within an organization. In the Revision, indicators play a role now. Inputs inperformance evaluation also include review of compliance withcompliance obligations, the internal audit as well as managementreview. Thus the circle is closed for top management again.
Acc. to the Federal Law Gazette, 182nd Regulation, which was published on 4 May 2006, Quality Austria - Trainings, Zertifizierungs und Begutachtungs GmbH is accredited for certifying organizations acc. to ISO 14001.
EMAS, ISO 50001, ISO 9001, ISO 45001, SCC, Sustainability Reports
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